July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (2024)

Month: July 2024

Plan now to make your summer forage seeding!

Stan Smith, OSU Extension PA, Fairfield County

With Ohio’s wheat harvest being completed early this year it allows ample time to plan and prepare to do an August forage seeding. Over the next month soil fertility testing should be accomplished, perennial and biennial weeds can be controlled, and ample time remains for selecting and securing the desired forage species for seeding.

During the winter of 2021 the first session of the Ohio Beef Cattle Management School focused on making quality hay for beef cattle with an emphasis on soil fertility and seed species selection when doing a new seeding. The first video embedded below is the 38 minute presentation from that first Beef School session when Noble County Extension Educator Christine Gelley discussed considerations for selecting species for a new seeding and other critical considerations when establishing a new stand of forage. Beginning at about the 14 minute mark of the presentation Gelley spends a few minutes discussing the specifics of seed species selection for new seedings.

Also, posted in the second video below, Jason Hartschuh, OSU Extension Field Specialist for Dairy Management and Precision Livestock, discusses soil fertility practices that will prolong the life, quality and productivity of hay and forage stands for beef cattle.

Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2024

– Barry Ward, Eric Richer, John Barker andAmanda Bennett, OSU Extension

July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (1)

Download the 2024 Farm Custom Rate survey results

Farming is a complex business and many Ohio farmers utilize outside assistance for specific farm-related work. This option is appealing for tasks requiring specialized equipment or technical expertise. Often, having someone else with specialized tools perform tasks is more cost effective and saves time. Farm work completed by others is often referred to as “custom farm work” or more simply, “custom work”. A “custom rate” is the amount agreed upon by both parties to be paid by the custom work customer to the custom work provider.

Custom rates increased for the majority of field operations in 2024 as compared to surveyed rates in 2022 but the increases did vary by operation. Examples include an increase of 6% for Planting Corn (30 Inch Rows with Fertilizer Application), 5.6% for Harvesting Corn (Combine, Grain Cart, Haul Local to Farm), 21% for Spraying (Self-Propelled Sprayer, Crop Protection Chemicals) and 24% for Field Cultivator.

New field operations in this year’s survey and summary include drone/UAV application and cover crop seeding.

Ohio Farm Custom Rates

The “Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2024” publication reports custom rates based on a statewide survey of 333 farmers, custom operators, farm managers, and landowners conducted in 2024. These rates, except where noted, include . . .

Continue reading and and find download of Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2024

Is your summer grazing plan drought proof?

– Victor Shelton, Retired NRCS Agronomist/Grazing Specialist

July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (2)

Keep an eye on the forages as we enter our warmer and drier months. Always have a game plan if forages start running short.

Getting the first cutting of hay done this year was challenging in many areas.Forages were already slightly ahead of normal maturity due to an early spring, and subsequent weather conditions—either timely rains pushing harvest dates further or dry spells—varied depending on location.Despite these challenges, most hay fields with good fertility were dense and yielded well, except for areas experiencing dry conditions.

Living in Indiana, the old adage is, “If you don’t like the weather, just wait five minutes.” While weather patterns can vary widely depending on location and time of year, most areas do experience consistent patterns over time that help define their climate and weather characteristics. Understanding these patterns is crucial for Continue reading Is your summer grazing plan drought proof? →

Keep Cool in the Shade

– Dr. Jeff Lehmkulher, PhD, PAS, Extension Professor University of Kentucky

July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (3)

Temperature and humidity both contribute to heat stress.

As the summer weather has hit full stride, take some time to focus on factors that impact animal performance during these months. Stocker calf performance reflects changes in the environment, plane of nutrition, and overall health of calves. Be mindful of the how summer weather can impact these three overarching factors and consider what you might alter or maintain to minimize the impact of these elements.

Heat stress is the first environmental factor that will impact animal performance during the summer months. The effect of heat stress is exacerbated by the alkaloids produced by the wild endophyte in Kentucky 31 tall fescue. Animals compensate during heat stress with increased respiration rate, increased skin vaporization (sweating), increased peripheral blood flow, decreased appetite to reduce metabolic heat production, and more time seeking relief by standing in the shade, congregating in water or grouped up in areas where urine and feces create a wallow. Increased respiration rate leads to greater energy expended for contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm. This doesn’t Continue reading Keep Cool in the Shade →

Animal Disease Traceability Rule: Infrequently Asked Questions

– Dr. Michelle Arnold, DVM- Ruminant Extension Veterinarian (UKVDL)

July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (4)

Figure 1: Homepage of the APHIS Animal Disease Traceability Website.

In a press release issued on April 26, 2024, it was announced that a new rule, entitled “Use of Electronic Identification (EID) Eartags as Official Identification in Cattle and Bison” was finalized. This final rule is an amendment to the animal disease traceability regulations already in place as of January 2013. The new rule requires eartags to be both visually and electronically readable to be recognized as official eartags for interstate travel for cattle and bison covered under the regulations. In addition, the amendment revised the definition of dairy cattle, clarified certain record keeping requirements, and revised requirements for cattle moving to slaughter. This final rule is specifically focused on improving the ability to trace LIVE animals accurately and rapidly to contain disease outbreaks before they can do substantial damage to the cattle industry. The rule will be published in the Federal Register in the coming weeks and will take effect 180 days after its publication. APHIS maintains an Animal Disease Traceability webpage (Figure 1) with direct access to the Final Rule, FAQs, how to obtain free electronic ID tags, and other resources at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock-poultry-disease/traceability . This article will attempt to address some of the less frequently asked questions about important aspects of the new rule. For reference, page numbers are included where these questions are addressed in the final rule.

Has anything changed with this new rule regarding which cattle are required to have “official identification” when moving interstate?
No, the final rule does not Continue reading Animal Disease Traceability Rule: Infrequently Asked Questions →

Acreage and Stocks Estimates Push Corn Prices Lower

– Josh Maples, Assistant Professor & Extension Economist, Department of Agricultural Economics, Mississippi State University

July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (5)

The report suggests larger-than-expected corn acres.

The annualAcreage report released last week by USDA-NASS included larger-than-expected corn acres which put downward pressure on corn prices. The report listed corn acres at 91.5 million acres which is 1.4 million acres higher than the March Prospective Plantings report projected. After corn prices surpassed $6 for the 2022/23 marketing year, prices are below $5 for the current marketing year, and are projected to be closer to $4 for the 2024/2025 marketing year.

While higher than previously projected, corn acres will be slightly lower than 2023 totals. However, Continue reading Acreage and Stocks Estimates Push Corn Prices Lower →

July | 2024 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter (2024)
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